Lexington Weather

Lexington, Massachusetts, USA

6/9/2023 8:15pm 
  • Lexington Conditions: Clear
  • Temperature: 55.9°F / 13.3°CColder 0.4°F than last hour.
  • Dew Point: 54.3°FDecreased 0.4°Fsince last hour.
  • Relative Humidity: 94
  • Wind: Calm, 10-min avg: Calm, gust: None
  • Barometer: 29.68 in Steady
  • Visibility: 10 miles
  • Rain Today: 0.22 in

Area Forecast Discussion
for Boston / Norton, MA

FXUS61 KBOX 041058

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Boston/Norton MA
658 AM EDT Sun Jun 4 2023

Unseasonably cool weather will continue today with gusty northeast 
winds. A few showers this morning, then more widespread rain is 
expected later this afternoon into tonight, especially in eastern 
Massachusetts. Scattered showers will linger into Monday in eastern 
New England with some temperature moderation, but still well below 
normal. Warmer Tuesday with more seasonable temperatures for early 
June, then turning cooler for the rest of the week. Unsettled 
weather pattern will persist through the end of the week.



7AM Update...

Decreased pops across western MA and CT this morning to bring 
in line with current radar trends. Otherwise the current
forecast remains on track. Steady showers are currently working
their way south along the eastern coast line and will fill in
throughout the day. 

Previous Discussion...

Main weather feature will continue to be the anomalous upper 
low just east of New Eng which is forecast to rotate westward 
into SNE. Multiple shortwaves pinwheeling around the low will 
bring occasional showers/light rain, mainly eastern MA. Main 
focus for showers through daybreak will be across SE MA, 
otherwise occasional showers are expected to rotate southward 
from northern to eastern MA today. Most of the rain should be 
east of CT valley although can't rule out a few showers making 
it this far west. Increasing coverage of rain is expected later 
this afternoon in eastern MA as inverted trough rotates westward
toward SNE with nose of increasing low level jet increasing 
convergence. This LLJ will bring increasing N winds this 
afternoon along the eastern MA coast with gusts to 25-35 mph. 

Unseasonably cold temperatures will continue today and we have the 
potential to get close to record cold highs (see records below). 
Core of cold air aloft will be over SNE today with 850 temps near 
zero and 925 mb temps 2-4C across central and eastern New Eng. Highs 
will only reach lower 50s in these areas and some locations may 
struggle to 50.  A bit milder in the CT valley with highs upper 50s, 
and possibly near 60. Normal highs for today are low to mid 70s. 

High Surf Advisory was extended through Monday for eastern MA as 
rough seas and surf will continue. Obviously very poor beach days 
but dangerous conditions for anyone observing the rough surf from 
jetties given large breaking waves onto rocks and other nearshore 
structures. Always observe from a distance!



Low pres will set up east of New Eng and will eventually become 
captured by the upper low which moves off the coast late tonight. 
Low level jet axis will be focused across eastern MA while deepening 
moisture plume moves in from the north and NE. This will result in 
periods of rain tonight across eastern MA, with showers possibly 
extending to the west across central MA and eastern CT. Some areas 
along the eastern MA coast may receive around 0.50" of rain through 
tonight. Winds will remain gusty along the coast where gusts to 30 
mph are expected. Very little change in temps with lows 45-50.


The upper low slowly moves eastward away from New Eng. However, 
deeper moisture plume will remain across eastern half SNE with 
closed cyclonic flow aloft which will continue the risk of showers 
in the east. Improving conditions in the CT valley where some 
sunshine may develop in the afternoon. Low level temps moderate so 
it will be milder with highs ranging from lower 60s eastern MA to 
lower 70s CT valley. Less wind Monday as gradient relaxes with north 
winds 10-20 mph, higher gusts Cape/Islands.


Tuesday Night:

The closed low that has been stalled over the region for the past 
several days continues NE into Nova Scotia while the next closed low 
drops south from Quebec. How cold we get will likely depend on if 
there are lingering clouds or if we can clear out. If it remains 
cloudy lows will like hang around normal in the low 50s, while a 
clearing could drop lows in the mid 40s.


Models have been in good agreement over the last 24 hours that the 
closed low dropping south from Quebec will bring another back door 
cold front with it. The recent deterministic and ensemble guidance 
have also been trending higher on instability with a 50% chance for 
500 J/kg of CAPE. CSU machine learning probs for severe also 
highlight some of the region in a 5% prob for hail. This makes sense 
considering the cold pool aloft and mid level lapse rates between 6-
8 C/km will be favorable for hail growth. Like our last severe 
event, shear looks very meager. The big question will be if we can 
get enough sun to generate the instability considering the cold pool 
aloft could mean lingering overcast skies. Given this is still a few 
days out and outside hi-res guidance range, things could change so 
keep an eye on the forecast. High temps Tuesday will also depend on 
lingering cloud cover and the timing of the back door front. If we 
can get some sun, 850mb temps ahead of the front around +8C could 
allow temps to jump into the low to mid 70s, while more cloud cover 
will keep highs in the mid to upper 60s.

Wednesday - Friday:

The closed low stalls again over the North East leaving the region 
under consistent cyclonic flow. This will allow for daily pop up 
shower chances. No day is looking like a sure washout with ensemble 
probs for greater then 0.25 inches less them 40% each day. Blended 
ensemble guidance keeps highs in the upper 60s to low 70s this week 
while deterministic guidance such as the GFS and EURO have trended 
cooler with highs in the low to mid 60s. I think highs this week 
will be highly dependent on cloud cover considering the strong June 
sun angle will be able to heat the surface quickly while mostly 
cloudy skies combined with the northerly flow could keep temps 

Saturday - Monday:

The closed low begins to break down and push NE with a short wave 
ridge building over the region. This will allow temps to become more 
summer like again. Another closed low drops down from Canada late in 
the weekend towards early next week. Considering this is still a 
week out, wont speculate on details as the model forecasts are 
likely to change over the next week.


Forecaster Confidence Levels:

Low - less than 30 percent. 
Medium - 30 to 60 percent. 
High - greater than 60 percent.

Through Tonight...Moderate confidence.

Mainly MVFR cigs expected to deteriorate to IFR later this
afternoon and especially tonight across eastern MA as areas of
rain move in from the N and NE. Mainly VFR cigs in the CT
valley. N wind gusts 20-25 kt along the eastern MA coast 
increasing to 25-30 kt late afternoon and tonight.

Monday...Moderate confidence. 

Mainly VFR CT valley. MVFR elsewhere should improve to VFR  
during the afternoon, except IFR SE MA improving to MVFR. 
Scattered showers, mainly across eastern MA. N winds 10-20 kt,
gusts to 25 kt Cape/Islands. 

KBOS Terminal...Moderate confidence in TAF. Mainly MVFR cigs,
but may lower to IFR later afternoon and tonight as areas of
rain develop.

KBDL Terminal...High confidence in TAF. 

Outlook /Monday Night through Thursday/...

Monday Night: VFR. Breezy. Slight chance SHRA.

Tuesday: Mainly VFR, with local MVFR possible. SHRA likely,
isolated TSRA.

Tuesday Night: VFR. Breezy. Chance SHRA, isolated TSRA.

Wednesday: Mainly VFR, with local MVFR possible. Breezy. Chance

Wednesday Night: VFR. Chance SHRA.

Thursday: Mainly VFR, with local MVFR possible. Chance SHRA.


Forecaster Confidence Levels:

Low - less than 30 percent.
Medium - 30 to 60 percent.
High - greater than 60 percent.

Through Monday...High confidence.

Persistent northerly wind gusts 25-30 kt will continue through 
tonight. Another surge of wind is expected late Sun into Sun night 
with an increasing low level jet. There may be a few gusts 
approaching 35 kt over eastern MA waters but duration and areal 
coverage not enough to upgrade to Gale Warnings. Winds gradually 
diminish Monday afternoon. Strong N winds will continue to produce 
rough seas on coastal waters which may make conditions difficult to 
navigate for less experienced boaters. 

Periods of rain becoming more widespread later this afternoon and 
tonight, especially on eastern MA waters. 

Outlook /Monday Night through Thursday/...

Monday Night: Winds less than 25 kt. Local rough seas. Slight
chance of rain showers. 

Tuesday through Tuesday Night: Winds less than 25 kt. Seas
locally approaching 5 ft. Chance of rain showers, isolated

Wednesday: Winds less than 25 kt. Chance of rain showers. 

Wednesday Night through Thursday: Winds less than 25 kt. Slight
chance of rain showers.


Key Points: 

* Areas of minor coastal flooding along the eastern MA coast during 
  the high tide tonight and possibly again Monday night

A storm surge around 1+ ft combined with 7-10 ft seas offshore will 
be enough for minor coastal flooding along the eastern MA coast 
during the high tide near midnight tonight. A coastal flood advisory 
was issued. 

Similar conditions and tides are expected during the Monday night 
high tide so another round of minor coastal flooding is possible 
along the eastern MA coast. 

Along the South Coast, surge values will be lower due to offshore 
flow (N winds). Locations such as Providence are forecast to remain 
well below flood stage.


Record Low Max Temps for Sunday June 4th.



MA...High Surf Advisory until 8 PM EDT Monday for MAZ007-015-016-
     Coastal Flood Advisory from 10 PM this evening to 2 AM EDT 
     Monday for MAZ007-015-016-019-022>024.
MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 2 PM EDT Monday for ANZ230-233>235-
     Small Craft Advisory until 8 PM EDT Monday for ANZ231-232-250-
     Small Craft Advisory until 8 AM EDT Monday for ANZ236.



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