Lexington Weather

Lexington, Massachusetts, USA

72°F
9/22/2021 2:33pm 
  • Lexington Conditions: Overcast
  • Temperature: 71.8°F / 22.1°CColder 2.3°F than last hour.
  • Dew Point: 69.1°FIncreased 0.9°Fsince last hour.
  • Relative Humidity: 91%Increased 9.0% since last hour.
  • Wind: Wind from W W 2 mph, 10-min avg: 3 mph, gust: 11 mph
  • Barometer: 30.08 inFalling 0.02  inHg/hr Falling Slowly
  • Visibility: 10 miles
  • Rain Today: 0.00 in
  •   

Area Forecast Discussion
for Boston, MA

        
000
FXUS61 KBOX 171906
AFDBOX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Boston/Norton MA
306 PM EDT Fri Sep 17 2021

.SYNOPSIS...
Developing low pressure well south of New England will pass well
offshore on Saturday. However it will give the Cape and Islands
the chance for showers late tonight and Saturday morning and generate
some surf and higher chance of rip currents. As the low moves 
out to sea, high pressure builds in and will bring sunny, dry
and warm conditions into mid week. A cold front Thursday ushers
in a cooler autumn- like air mass with below normal 
temperatures to end the week.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
305 pm update...

As expected earlier this morning, those showers that affected
portions of the Cape and south coastal areas have pretty much
faded. Otherwise, generally cloudy conditions across most of the
region, though in a rare situation a good amount of sun has
broken out across the Cape and Islands. As a result, those 
areas are also the warmest with temperatures well into the 70s.
60s to near 70 elsewhere. There is a semi coastal front that 
has set up across SE MA. Winds north of there are primarily from
the NNE, while a more east wind south of there. Along that front
we've seen spotty drizzle and some light fog, although that is
coming to an end.  

On the larger picture, the developing weak low pressure off the
VA/NC coasts is slowly lifting northeastward. Whether it gets
formally declared anything by NHC doesn't really affect the
forecast. Models all show the system will continue
northeastward, but stay well south of our region. No significant
impact, however some bands of rain are expected well north of
the center, and late tonight some of those showers may come
close to clipping the outer Cape and Islands. I leaned on the
HREF for PoPs and have values in the 15-35% range just prior to
daybreak. Not expecting any heavy rain. Winds may gust upward of
25mph across the Cape and Islands late tonight as well. 

Otherwise the forecast challenge revolves around the potential
for fog. Lots of low level moisture is in place and not going
anywhere. Lots of the guidance suggests fairly widespread
visibilities down to 1/2 mile and lower later tonight,
especially Ri and the eastern half of MA. Confidence is not high
at all, given that the guidance also saying it's quite foggy
right now. Obviously that is not the case. That said, have
maintained the mention of patchy fog across much of the area,
but suspect most of the night will feature very low stratus
floating just a few hundred feet above the ground. With all the
clouds and semi-muggy conditions, lows will be in the 60s area
wide. A good 10+F above normal.

&&

.SHORT TERM /SATURDAY THROUGH SATURDAY NIGHT/...
305 pm update...

The potential tropical/subtropical low pressure system will be
moving well out to sea during the day. As it does so, the flow
in the lower to mid levels will start to turn more northerly and
northwest. With no more onshore flow, we should start to see the
clouds break up with increasing sunshine as the day wears on.
There is a subtle mid/upper level trough that will approach the
region late in the day. Most of the hi-res convective allowing
models do generate a few showers to our northwest during the
afternoon, and reaching into northeast MA by late afternoon.
Model soundings suggest some surface based CAPE, so can't rule
out an isolated thunderstorm in the mix. Not expecting anything
strong, nor even much coverage. Leaned on a mix of guidance and
still only came up with PoPs topping out in the 15-25% range
for areas north and west of a Boston-Hartford line. Although
temperatures aloft will be rather warm (eg: 925mb temperatures
around 19C) which would support mid 80s for highs, clouds in 
the morning and only moderate mixing of the boundary layer 
should mean we will fall short of the maximum potential. Still 
highs in the upper 70s to lower 80s are expected -- well above
normal for mid-September.

On a last note, given the expected uptick in waves and swell,
especially on southeast facing shores, due to the low pressure
passing by, there is an increased chance of rip currents on
those southeast facing beaches. Will issue a Rip Current
Statement just to highlight that risk. Don't want anyone to be
unaware and getting themselves into trouble. 

Saturday night: looking to be rather quiet. With light northwest
flow, we should see dewpoints starting to come down. That, along
with more clear skies, will allow temperatures to fall into the
50s across the interior to lower 60s southeast/Cape/Islands.


&&

.LONG TERM /SUNDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/...
305 pm update...

Highlights: 

* Quiet stretch of weather through middle of next week with above 
  normal temperatures with highs reaching upper 70s to low 80s. 
  
* First strong fall cold front arrives sometime on Thursday with 
  line of showers and thunderstorms out ahead of it. Turning much 
  colder on Friday with highs only reaching the 60s. 

Details:

Sunday...

As heights rise behind the aforementioned exiting low pressure 
system, there should be significant improvement on Sunday. Dew 
points fall from the 60s into the 40s and with sunshine and 
seasonable conditions returning, it will feel very comfortable for 
outdoor activities on Sunday. For reference, normal daytime highs 
are in the low to mid 70s. Only concern would be the lingering 
swells and elevated rip current risk from the distant coastal low. 

Monday into Wednesday...

Monday looks to feature mostly dry and seasonable conditions with 
surface high overhead. Then mid-level ridging amplifies over the 
eastern US, with global guidance ensembles showing 590+ Dm ridge 
building into Southern New England by middle of next week. With mean 
850mb temperatures in the low to mid teens, expect daytime highs to 
reach the upper 70s to lower 80s, which would be 5 to 10 degrees 
above climatological normal. Forecast wise, have gone with the 75th 
percentile NBM for Monday and 90th percentile NBM guidance for 
Tuesday and Wednesday with southwest flow aloft boosting downsloping 
adiabatic warming. Note that Monday's high temperatures may 
underperform a little if northeast flow hangs on a little longer 
before switching to the south and southwest as high pressure moves 
offshore. So even as we head into astronomical fall for the Northern 
Hemisphere (beginning September 22), it will feel more like late 
August. PWATs look to be slightly below to near normal so expect 
generally mild days and cool nights given the dry air mass.

Wednesday night into Friday...

There are increasing signs that we could have our first real taste 
of fall heading into the latter part of the upcoming work week. Some 
deterministic guidance are showing 850mb temperatures in celsius 
crashing from the mid teens to the low single digits, with sub-zero 
temperatures just north of our area by Friday morning. Trough 
digging into the Great Lakes will eventually erode the ridge over 
Eastern US by late Wednesday into Thursday time frame. While there 
are still differences in timing amongst the models, siding with a 
blend of EC and Canadian over the GFS (which has a tendency to be a 
tad too progressive at this time frame) suggests the cold front 
crossing the area on Thursday. In addition, given the strong 
dynamics involved with impressive pressure rise/fall couplet, expect 
a line of showers and thunderstorms out ahead of the front with 
strong W/NW winds behind it and associated gale force conditions 
over the waters given steep delta T between 850mb and SSTs. In 
addition, with PWATs rising to over 1.75 inches (90th percentile 
according to NAEFS), locally heavy downpours are possible late 
Wednesday into Thursday. With 850mb temperatures falling into the 
single digits post frontal, daytime highs on Friday could only get 
into the 60s, with 50s possible in the high terrain. Overnight lows 
fall into the 40s, with some mid to upper 30s possible in the usual 
cold spots. 

&&

.AVIATION /19Z FRIDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
Forecaster Confidence Levels.

Low - less than 30 percent.
Moderate - 30 to 60 percent.
High - greater than 60 percent.

18z TAF Update:

Overall moderate confidence in the forecast.

Currently quite a bit of IFR ceilings across the region.
Exception is across the Cape and Islands. In a nutshell, those
ceilings will continue all evening, all night and finally start
to break and lift between 12z-16z Saturday. Expecting the IFR
ceilings to come back in this evening across the Cape and
Islands. The uncertainty is around how low the visibilities will
drop. Much of the guidance suggests widespread LIFR 
visibilities developing this evening and continuing overnight. 
Think the models are a little overdone, so rather than showing
1/4SM everywhere, went with lowest visibilities generally in the
3/4SM to 2SM range. 

Could be a spot or two with a little drizzle, but expect dry
conditions through 06z everywhere. Could be a few light rain
showers across the Cape and Islands between 08z-15z. 

Saturday - ceilings will be lifting with VFR conditions expected
in most areas after 16z. Outside chance of showers late in the
day, primarily across the interior. Probabilities are so low
that they don't warrant even a "VCSH" in the TAFs at this point.

KBOS Terminal...moderate confidence. high probability for IFR
ceilings, but uncertain as to how low visibilities will drop
during the overnight. 2SM is shown in the TAF, but some model 
guidance suggests 1/2SM visibilities could occur. VFR conditions
expected to develop after 15z.

KBDL Terminal...Moderate confidence.

Outlook /Saturday night through Sunday/

Sunday: VFR. Breezy. 

Sunday Night through Tuesday: VFR. 

Tuesday Night: Mainly VFR, with local MVFR possible. Slight
chance SHRA.

Wednesday: Mainly MVFR, with areas VFR possible. Breezy. Chance
SHRA.

&&

.MARINE...
Forecaster Confidence Levels.

Low - less than 30 percent.
Moderate - 30 to 60 percent.
High - greater than 60 percent.

305 pm update...

Generally high confidence in the forecast. Primary driver of the
forecast will be the low pressure passing well to our south late
tonight and then offshore on Saturday. It is expected to
generate enough of a swell, combined with some winds touching 25
knots (especially near the Cape and Islands), that Small Craft
Advisory thresholds of 5 foot waves will be exceeded for the 
waters off the south coast, to just east of Cape Cod. Already 
have the Small Craft Advisory in effect, and based on latest 
guidance, it appears those rougher wave conditions will continue
through Saturday night...perhaps even into Sunday for the waters
east of the Cape. 

Outlook /Sunday through Wednesday/...

Sunday: Winds less than 25 kt. Seas up to 5 ft. 

Sunday Night: Winds less than 25 kt. Areas of seas approaching
5 ft. 

Monday: Winds less than 25 kt. Seas locally approaching 5 ft. 

Monday Night: Winds less than 25 kt. 

Tuesday through Tuesday Night: Winds less than 25 kt. Seas
locally approaching 5 ft. 

Wednesday: Winds less than 25 kt. Areas of seas approaching
5 ft. Slight chance of rain showers. 

&&

.BOX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
CT...None.
MA...None.
RI...None.
MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 8 AM EDT Sunday for ANZ235-237-
     254>256.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...Nash
NEAR TERM...Nash
SHORT TERM...Nash
LONG TERM...Chai
AVIATION...Chai/Nash
MARINE...Chai/Nash
      

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